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International journal of Immunopathology, allergology, infectology.

Onychomycosis in patients with chronic kidney disease

Shipilova N.A., Sergeeva I.G.

Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs in 15% of adults. The aim of the study was to evaluate the occurrence and clinical features of onychomycosis in patients with CKD receiving hemodialysis. A study comprised 25 patients (5122 years) with CKD and nail changes with chronic renal failure under haemodialysis and 25 patients (53.6 26.4 years) without CKD. For CKD, yellow nails are typical in 17 (68%), without CKD longitudinal stripes in 16 (64%). Onychomycosis was diagnosed in 32% of patients with CKD and 64% without CKD. Out of 8 patients with diabetes mellitus and CKD, 7 had onychomycosis, 1 patient with CKD and onychomycosis did not have diabetes mellitus. For patients with CKD, the OSI index was 12 [9; 14], SCIO 10 [8; 12], without CKD: OSI 16 [12; 17], SCIO 12 [10; 15]. Onychomycosis in patients with CKD is less common than in patients without CKD, which indicates a lesser significance of nail infection with fungi in the development of their changes in patients under hemodialysis.

Keywords

Onychomycosis, chronic kidney disease, hemodialysis, onychodystrophy

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DOI

10.14427/jipai.2022.2.74

Reference

Shipilova N.A., Sergeeva I.G. Immunopathology, allergology, infectology 2022; 2:74-78. DOI: 10.14427/jipai.2022.2.74